The Five Ways You Need to Know to Detect an Unhealthy Mole (ABCDE)

© Teen Vogue

An unhealthy mole could be a sign of melanoma. Melanoma skin cancer is not as common as the other types of cancer; however, the individual afflicted with it could live to see the cancer grow and spread of his or her body. Malignant melanoma is a very dangerous type of cancer, which makes detection and treatment something imperative.

Melanoma starts with moles—one could easily mistake unhealthy skin cancer moles for healthy regular moles. Therefore, we have seen it fit to write this article and tell you about an easy technique that will help you uncover any signs of melanoma and consider a melanoma treatment.

The technique is referred to as the ABCDEs of melanoma and applying it will help you understand whether you have the early stages of melanoma or not. Keep reading, therefore, to know about the method in more detail.

1. (A)symmetry

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Healthy moles are symmetrical moles; an asymmetrical one is an indication of something wrong. Mostly, it is a sign of melanoma cancer. In order to know if a mole is symmetrical or not, you need to perform the following steps.

Take a high-resolution picture of the mole yourself or have someone take it for you if the mole is in an unreachable place by you. Take the picture and draw a line through what you think should be the middle of the mole.

If the halves of the mole prove symmetrical, you have nothing to fear; if, however, you notice that they are asymmetrical, then you need to consult a doctor, because this could be a melanoma mole.


2. (B)order


The border that your mole has is an indication of its state and type. One of skin cancer signs and symptoms is a mole that has uneven borders. To determine exactly whether your mole has regular edges or uneven ones, you need to do a touch test.

If you find that the mole is smooth to the touch and that its borders are well-defined and don’t disappear gradually into the skin, then that’s a benign mole, and you have nothing to fear.

However, if you the opposite of the preceding proves true, then you could have melanoma cancer and should see a doctor as soon as possible.

3. (C)olor


Color is another determiner that helps distinguish a benign mole from one that is not. One the skin, colored moles could easily mean that you have early melanoma. For example, if the mole displays many shades of the same color or different colors altogether, then that’s not a good thing.

A normal mole should display only one color and that color is brown. Check your mole. Do you see that it’s colored brown, black, red and white?

If no, then there is no need to be alarmed. If yes, then it could be a sign of early melanoma, and you need to consult your doctor. He or she will do more tests, and you will make sure.


4. (D)iameter

A small mole is rarely a dangerous one; a big mole, on the other hand, could easily be a dangerous one; such moles could easily be melanoma spots, that is, and not just regular moles. Take something to measure with and carefully measure your mole.

If you find that the mole is bigger than 6 millimeters in diameter, then you should be a little concerned. Therefore, you should seek an informed opinion from your doctor, for he or she is the only one capable of determining for sure whether that big mole is a cancer characteristic or not.

5. (E)volving

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A mole that keeps its shape for a long period of time is probably a benign one; however, a mole that starts to spread and become bigger is definitely a sign of early melanoma cancer. Signs of skin cancer can be subtle, but they can also be obvious and manifest themselves in an evolving mole.

Therefore, you should closely monitor any suspicious mole on your body in order to see whether it evolves or stays the same. Evolving is one of the many melanoma symptoms and you should see a doctor as soon as possible to discuss treatment.

Such is the relationship between moles and skin cancer. Regular spots on the skin could be skin cancer spots, and you should be vigilant enough and know the difference. The ABCDE skin cancer detection method was designed to help you detect any abnormalities with your moles.

Use it then. Melanoma is one of the many types of cancer, but it is an insidiously dangerous one. So be careful!

Before you go, tell us in the comments below if you’ve ever read about the ABCDE method.



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